"The dramatic, 11-km-wide, lake-filled Towada caldera formed during as many as six major explosive eruptions over a 40,000-year period ending about 13,000 years ago. Pre-caldera eruptive activity at Towada dates back to about 2 million years ago and produced basaltic-to-dacitic lava cones. Following late-Pleistocene andesitic-to-rhyolitic caldera-forming eruptions, the basaltic Ninokura stratovolcano grew in the SSE section of the caldera. The successive dacitic-to-rhyolitic Goshikiiwa explosive eruptions led to the formation of the roughly 2-km-wide Nakanoumi caldera, whose SW and NE rims form dramatic peninsulas extending into Lake Towada. The andesitic-to-dacitic Ogura-yama lava dome was built over the NE rim of Nakanoumi. The latest eruption of Towada took place in 915 AD, when eruptions from Ogura-yama produced widespread ashfalls and pyroclastic flows."  -Smithsonian Volcano Archive
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