"Gunung Penanggungan, one of Java's most revered mountains, is a small stratovolcano constructed immediately north of the Arjuno-Welirang massif. Numerous ruins of sanctuaries, monuments, and sacred bathing places dating from 977-1511 AD are found on the northern and western flanks of the volcano. Lava flows from flank vents descend all sides of the 1653-m-high volcano and pyroclastic-flow deposits form an apron around it. Penanggungan volcano was mapped as similar in age to Arjuno-Welirang and Semeru volcanoes by van Bemmelen (1937). Penanggungan was considered to be extinct for at least 1000 years. Its last eruption may have occurred about 200 AD."  -Smithsonian Volcano Archive
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