Login
Forgot your password? Request Science User Account
Banda Api
"The small island volcano of Banda Api is the NE-most volcano in the Sunda-Banda arc and has a long period of historical observation because of its key location in the thriving Portuguese and Dutch spice trade. The basaltic-to-rhyodacitic Banda Api is located in the SW corner of a 7-km-wide mostly submerged caldera that comprises the northernmost of a chain of volcanic islands in the Banda Sea. At least two episodes of caldera formation are thought to have occurred, with the arcuate islands of Lonthor and Neira considered to be remnants of the pre-caldera volcanoes. Gunung Api forms a conical peak rising to 640 m at the center of the 3-km-wide Banda Api island. Historical eruptions have been recorded since 1586, mostly consisting of strombolian eruptions from the summit crater, but larger explosive eruptions have occurred and occasional lava flows have reached the coast."  -Smithsonian Volcano Archive
Back to Top